How do you teach Phonics sounds to children: A Parental Guide

Talks about reading lessons for kids
phonics sounds blog

Before reading the following parental guide to teaching phonics sounds to children, the parents should read the article, which introduces the step-by-step approach to teaching phonics. 

What is Phonics? 

Phonics is a method for teaching children to read by guiding them to connect sounds( Phonemes) with letters or groups of letters (Graphemes)

It’s just one part of learning to read without having prior knowledge of vocabulary or comprehension. 

Phonics sounds image

Are there 42 or 44 sounds in English? 

Well, there’s no agreement on the number of sounds among the experts. It depends on various factors like dialect and accent. The IPA chart below shows the 44 phonics sounds in English. It comprises 20 vowel sounds and 24 consonant sounds

IPA pronunciation chart for phonics sounds image

What is a Phoneme? 

A phoneme is the smallest unit of sound that we can hear in a word.  

You need to remember that it is important to think in terms of the number of sounds( Phonemes) in a word instead of the number of letters. 

Taking an example, the word Ship has 4 alphabets or letters but 3 Phonemic sounds.

Phoneme image

What is a Grapheme? 

A grapheme is a written representation of a Phoneme. 

However, unlike individual alphabets, they can also be in a pair or a group of letters. 

Taking the same example again, the word Ship has 4 alphabets or letters but 3 Graphemes corresponding to 3 Phonemic sounds. 

What is a Diagraph? 

Diagraph is a two-letter Grapheme

For example, the word Chips has a two-letter Grapheme or a Diagraph Ch.  

Similarly, Trigraphs are three-letter Graphemes. 

Digraph image

It’s important to understand the relationship between the phonemes and letters also known as the phoneme-grapheme relationship

Knowing the letter-sound relationship is possible by mapping Phonemes to Graphemes in terms of Phonics patterns or Phonemic sounds for letters or groups of letters. 

Download the Free Phonics sounds app by clicking the link below!

App click image

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